Observatorio de Bioética, UCV

Guía para la publicación de Artículos Científicos

Bioética / Revistas

Guía para la publicación de Artículos Científicos
21 diciembre
20:01 2012

Con el objeto de facilitar  la publicación de artículos de Bioética se incluye esta guía elaborada para editores de revistas de Bioética, que aunque específicamente dirigida para para ellos puede ser de utilidad para los propios redactores de los artículos:

Publishing Guidelines from the Editors of Bioethics Journals

In 1978 a small group of editors of general medicine journals met informally in Vancouver, British Columbia, to establish guidelines for manuscripts submitted to their journals. The resulting “Uniform Requirements for Manuscripts Submitted to Biomedical Journals” was published in 1979 and has become the standard editorial policy guiding the medical literature.

Until recently, there were no equivalent “best practices” for the publication of bioethics manuscripts. Using the model of the Vancouver Group, The Program in Medicine and Human Values (PMHV) at California Pacific Medical Center in San Francisco, supported by the Greenwall Foundation, invited editors from leading international bioethics journals to meet in San Francisco in February 2006 to formulate the much needed guidelines.

Before convening in San Francisco in February 2006, participants were asked to submit the ethical issues they found most problematic in their own role as editors and the ones they would like to place on the agenda for discussion. Keeping in mind the limited time for the meeting, the issues most often mentioned by editors were placed on the agenda, whereas others, necessarily, were postponed to subsequent meetings.

Over the course of three days, chaired by PMHV codirector Dr. Albert Jonsen, the agenda topics were discussed thoroughly, with participants contributing their own experiences with the issues as well as their views on how best they should be addressed. Before adjourning, participants volunteered to submit drafts of particular topics to be circulated among the editors for suggested changes and final approval. The resulting document, presented below, will be published in participating journals.

Throughout the meeting, editors were unanimous in their enthusiasm and support for the importance of sustaining the efforts toward common goals and the collegiality established in San Francisco. Plans are underway to expand and evolve this project into a standing international committee of journal editors who will meet periodically to explore other ways in which the group could work cooperatively to improve bioethics publications.

Guidelines

Transparency

1.  Authors must declare to the journal any interests they believe would materially affect a reasonable reader’s judgment about the validity of the author(s)’ claims.

2.  Such declarations will normally be published by the journal with the article when it appears in either electronic or paper form.

3.  Authors must declare to the journal any external funding sources supporting the work that produced the paper and must state the source(s) in an Acknowledgements section of the article.

Authorship

1.  For original empirical research papers or review articles regarding empirical research, the journal asks authors to adhere to the authorship criteria of the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors.

2.  For philosophical, theological, policy, historical, legal, and other theoretical types of papers, criteria for authorship will be based upon the general standards of the humanistic disciplines. Specifically, those who claim authorship should:

a.  Thoroughly understand the argument of the paper,

b.  Agree with the argument and its conclusions at least at the level of a consensus among the authors, and

c.  Have been substantially involved in the writing of the article, generally understood to include at least two of the following:

i.  Generating the idea for the paper

ii.  Outlining the argument

iii.  Supplying the abstract

iv.  Actual writing of parts of the paper’s text

v.  Substantial critiquing and editing of drafts

3.  The following are considered insufficient in themselves as criteria for authorship:

a.  Mentoring of a student or junior colleague who writes the paper

b.  Reading and commenting upon a draft of a paper conceived and written by someone else

c.  Obtaining funding to support the work

d.  Functioning as the head of the academic unit in which the work was produced.

Plagiarism

 Copying text directly from the work of other authors without setting it out as quotations and providing appropriate referencing constitutes plagiarism.

The journals will generally follow the COPE guidelines concerning the handling of plagiarism. This entails inter alia that if a submitted manuscript contains clear plagiarism (i.e., unattributed use of large portions of text and/or data, presented as if they were by the author), the journal will contact the author requiring an explanation, and if no satisfactory explanation is given the journal may contact the author’s institution or other body responsible for research governance.

Redundant Publication

Publishing work which is identical to, or has major overlap with previous work by the same author(s) constitutes redundant publication.

In all cases involving the submission of a manuscript that could be seen as redundant publication the corresponding author should alert the journal in question to this fact. If this is not done the journals will in general follow the COPE guidelines concerning the handling of redundant publication. This entails inter alia that the journal will contact the author requiring an explanation, and if no satisfactory explanation is given the journal may contact the author’s institution or other body responsible for research governance.

In the case of empirical research redundant or duplicate publication should in general be avoided.

In the case of philosophical/analytic research redundant (but not duplicate) publication may be warranted in situations where the non-redundant part of the manuscript contains significant, new, original argument or material. The journal will decide whether this is the case and may reject a paper containing major overlap with previous work purely on this ground.

Confidentiality

In case studies, the privacy of patients should be respected. Cases should be written so as to disguise identifiers. The permission of any participants who are likely to be identifiable from the details of the case description should be obtained unless this presents a practical impossibility.

In cases that have attained public notoriety, bioethical discussion should be confined to the facts publicly known.

Scholarship

A scholarly paper in bioethics should:

1)  Situate the context of the topic and argument within the context of philosophical ethics, theological ethics, and the theories and subject matter of bioethics.

2)  Acknowledge previous literature about the topic under discussion.

3)  Manifest conceptual clarity in definitions and distinctions.

4)  Report facts accurately and with appropriate references.

5)  Demonstrate skill in developing logical arguments and analyzing counterarguments.

6)  Be written clearly and articulately.

Research Involving Human Subjects

It is a necessary but not sufficient condition for the publication of papers presenting research involving human subjects that the research described is conducted in accordance with the relevant international and national standards and regulations governing research involving human subjects. At the time of submission, the authors must state whether and how the research complies with this condition.

Social Responsibility

Institutions or groups involved in the production of bioethics publications have a social responsibility to make every effort to ensure that people in developing countries (following the WHO list of least developed nations) have realistic access to the content of their publications (upon request), including the availability of printed materials at shipping cost.

Guía para la publicación de Artículos Científicos
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SINOPSIS: Con el objeto de facilitar la publicación de artículos de Bioética se incluye esta guía elaborada para editores de revistas de Bioética, que aunque esté específicamente dirigida para ellos puede ser de utilidad para los propios redactores de los artículos.

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Acerca del autor

Cristina Castillo Albarran

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